The Origins of Golf
Janina Casey is a managing director with a financial services corporation with headquarters in New York City and clients worldwide. She has a degree in finance from St. John's University in Jamaica, New York. When she's not working, Janina Casey likes to play golf.
When, where, and who invented golf is still a hotly contested topic. According to historians, this popular game, played by over 25 million Americans in 2021, may have originated in China during the 11th century, where proof of stick and ball games has been established. Additionally, traces of the earliest versions of golf dating back to the 13th century have been found in Africa, Europe, and other parts of Asia.
However, the majority of historians concur that Scotland, where the game has evolved since the 15th century, is the place where golf as we know it has its historical roots. The Old Course at St. Andrews, Scotland, established in the fifteenth century, is the oldest golf course in the world. It is there that the game's first 18-hole round was played in 1764, and the first women's golf club (association) was formed in 1867. Modern golf clubs were also first made in Scotland in the 1750s. Before their invention, sticks were used to play golf, which derives its name from the Dutch word kolf, which means club. The game was first played in the US in the 1770s.
Janina Casey is a New York professional who guides BTIG as managing director and has an extensive background in researching equity sales. An avid traveler, Janina Casey enjoys activities such as golfing when she has the opportunity.
One of the key elements of a successful day on the greens is attaining proper loft on the shot. Characterized by a ball launched high in the air, a loft is created by the clubface relative to the angle of the ground. Clubs have assigned lofts, with drivers relatively loft-free at 9 degrees and wedges offering as much as 60 degrees of loft.
This means the golfer does not need to add more loft to a shot by leaning back with the club during the swing. Instead, there should be a slight forward lean to the shaft and the lead foot when striking the ball off the ground. When the ball is hit off a tee, avoid the tendency to scoop and keep the selected clubhead in line with the ball. It is this combination of speed, plus a solid hit, that creates loft on the drive.
Being able to generate loft consistently not only adds air time and distance but, with proper height, minimizes the distance the ball rolls when it hits the fairway or green. This makes loft an essential part of the short and the long game.
A resident of New York, Janina Casey has worked in the financial services industry since 1999 and is the managing director of BTIG, an organization that provides financial services to clients worldwide. Janina Casey likes to go on hikes when she's not working.
A favorite hiking spot for many New Yorkers is the Appalachian Trail, a 2,190-mile marked hiking route that passes through 14 US states, including New York, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Maine. It is thought to be the world's longest hiking trail, stretching from Springer Mountain in Georgia to Mount Katahdin in Maine, and it receives more than two million hikers each year who complete a part of it.
The Appalachian trail is mainly in the wilderness. However, some sections pass through farms and towns. Annually, thousands of hikers try to cover the entire length of the Appalachian Trail, but just one in four succeeds. It takes between five to seven months to complete the hike. The United States Forest Service, the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, and more than 30 hiking clubs maintain the trail, which was inaugurated in 1937 and took more than ten years to construct.
What is a Golf Handicap?
With over a decade of experience in equity research and sales, Jenina Casey, a graduate of St. John's University, serves as the managing director in a leading New-York company. Jenina Casey enjoys hiking, theatre, and playing golf in her free time.
A golf handicap is a numerical measurement of a player's ability on the golf course. This handicap is intended to compare players and see whom they would play against. A golfer's handicap is the difference between the total golf par (the number of strokes required to complete a course) and the average number of strokes played by that golfer.
The lesser a player's handicap, the more skilled the player. Having a handicap makes it simple to participate fairly in events as a golfer. In the beginning, having a handicap isn't all that crucial because the golfer in question is still learning how to hit the ball. The most effective strategy to lessen your golf handicap is regularly practicing your swings and making sure your equipment is near-perfect.
After playing a minimum of three 18-hole rounds of golf, golfers can acquire their handicaps from golf clubs affiliated with a Golf Union. However, the regulations for calculating a golfer's handicap change from country to country.
Janina Casey earned a bachelor's degree in finance from St. John's University and moved on to Princeton and Harvard for management training. In addition to this, Janina Casey sits on the board of Urban Tech. She has supported various fundraisers for the non-profit organization due to her involvement in community projects to assist children from disadvantaged backgrounds.
The National Urban Technology Center, popularly referred to as Urban Tech, is a non-profit organization that started in Brooklyn, New York City. The organization aims to change the educational sector by assisting children across all spheres of life, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds.
The majority of Urban Tech's teaching is technology-based. In other words, by including concepts such as animation, games, and even music that the children are familiar with, the organization has a chance to engage with them on a deeper level. Furthermore, the organization's curriculum is designed to assist children in developing in all areas while also preparing them for employment in the twenty-first century.
Apart from teaching and attempting to better the lives of as many children as possible, Urban Tech also includes programs such as bullying prevention and a youth leadership program. Other programs include a parent care program and an annual evaluation of how well the children are doing.
A graduate of St. Johns University with a bachelor of science in finance, Janina Casey completed management training programs at Princeton and Harvard University. In addition to working in equity sales for several financial institutions, Janina Casey serves on the board of directors for non-profit organization National Urban Technology Center (Urban Tech).
Committed to increasing technological access for underrepresented populations, Urban Tech operates programs such as the Youth Leadership Academy (YLA), an online program that teaches social-emotional skills in alignment with Common Core standards. Designed for students in third grade and above, the YLA bundle utilizes multi-media tools to deliver content focused on topics such as self-discovery, community building, healthy habits, and financial literacy.
For older students, the YLA Teen Health Bundle presents educational content that aims to remove the stigma surrounding health and wellness topics such as substance abuse prevention and sexually transmitted diseases. In one study of 230 students, more than 80.3 percent of YLA students reported improved social skills, compared to just 59.3 percent of students who did not participate in the program.
The Benefits of Hiking
The word “hike” has become the most often used term to describe an energizing walk in a natural environment. A hike is often a small adventure, taking up a considerable amount of the day and requiring you to have to carry water and some food or snacks in a backpack.
Hiking has several physical and mental health benefits. While some advantages are apparent, such as decreased blood pressure and stress levels and increased focus, others emerge over time, such as weight loss and depression reduction.
It goes without saying that hiking is beneficial to the cardiovascular system. Even light trekking can elevate the heart rate to a healthy level, which boosts aerobic fitness and endurance. Your body rises to new fitness levels over time, and you can hike longer, faster, and harder without feeling exhausted or finding yourself out of breath.
In addition, it can help improve things that are good for your heart, like your blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol. Many studies show that regularly going for moderate hikes can cut hypertension, improve blood sugar tolerance, and lower “bad” cholesterol levels over time.
Hiking is an excellent method to strengthen and maintain strong muscles and bones. Each hiking trail challenges you to adapt to varying terrain and slope angles, which means that you will be using a variety of muscle groups throughout the day. Each journey gives your body a unique challenge, whether a gentle elevation a challenging ascent, smooth or rough paths, or any combination.
Inclines work the quads, hamstrings, glutes, and calves, while downhill areas work the knees and hip flexors. Wearing a backpack helps to strengthen your shoulders, arms, and back. Hiking also activates your core, the groups of muscles that stabilize your torso.
Along with toning muscle, hikes are an excellent way to strengthen your bones. Weight-bearing workouts, which require you to fight against gravity, are beneficial for bone health, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This is because bone, like muscle, is a living structure that becomes stronger with exercise. Activities such as hiking, walking, and running help to build bone density, strength, and overall bone mass.
Hiking also increases your stability because it uses so many different muscles. It specifically engages and strengthens your hips and core, which work together to keep you stable on uneven terrain. If you are older, enhancing your balance can positively affect your overall quality of life. This becomes more critical as you age, as good balance helps lower the chances of a fall.
While hiking demands physical exertion, it may also be a fantastic mental workout. Mental activities like studying maps, finding paths, and pushing through a difficult trek can be mentally taxing.
After a long day of work, your mind and body need a restful night's sleep. Studies have shown that exercise can help people get a better night's sleep, and hiking is no exception. Dr. Karen Carlson, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, states that exercise can enhance essential sleep chemicals such as melatonin. Morning sun exposure also aids in the regulation of our circadian cycles (our 24-hour sleep-wake cycle).
Simply being in nature has been shown to improve mood and mental health. According to a study conducted by Stanford University researchers, spending meaningful time in nature alleviates stress, soothes anxiety, and may result in a decreased risk of depression. Being outside improves your sensory experience and opens up your senses to your environment.
The PGA Championship was first held in 1916, and there have been around 103 editions since then. The Professional Golfers' Association of America's Championship (also known as the US PGA Championship or US PGA outside of the United States) is an annual golf tournament held by the Professional Golfers' Association of America. It is one of professional golf's four major tournaments for men. It is an official money event with a prize of $11 million (for the 100th edition in 2018), and it has been hosted in several locations. The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) was founded at Siwanoy Country Club in Bronxville, New York, in February 1916. Jim Barnes, the winner, got $500 and a Rodman Wanamaker diamond-studded gold medal.
Like the other majors, winning the PGA entitles one to various benefits. For the next five years, PGA champions are automatically invited to compete in the other three majors and the Players Championship, and they are eligible for the PGA Championship for the rest of their lives. They will be eligible to play on the European Tour for the next seven and PGA Tour for the next five seasons. The PGA Championship is the only one of the four major championships open to professional golfers.
The PGA Championship began as a match play event in the early fall, and it has remained so, but it may change, depending on national circumstances. Following WWII, the championship was held in late May or late June, before being shifted to early July in 1953 and a few weeks later in 1954, with the finals held on Tuesday. It was not uncommon for the finalists to play nearly 200 holes in seven days in a match play event (with a stroke-play qualification).
After a loss in 1957, the event was modified to stroke play, beginning in 1958, with the usual 72-hole format of 18 holes per day over four days, Thursday through Sunday, at the PGA meetings in November. The PGA of America was pressed to change the format because network television broadcasters preferred a large group of well-known contenders on the final day.
The PGA Championship was announced before the 2017 edition moved to May, the weekend before Memorial Day, starting in 2019. The PGA Tour also announced that the Players Championship would be returned to March in the same year, after being moved from March to May in 2017. The PGA of America justified the change by citing the addition of golf to the Summer Olympics, allowing a greater range of possibilities for host courses.
Traditionally, the PGA Championship has been held in the eastern side of the United States. The Ocean Course at Kiawah Island Golf Resort in Kiawah Island, South Carolina, hosted the 103rd PGA Championship. New York has hosted thirteen times. The PGA has four Major Golf Tournament events during the season.
Walter Hagen and Jack Nicklaus, both five-time champions, and Tiger Woods, who has won the Championship four times, are the most titled players. When professional golfers were not held in high regard in a sport dominated by wealthy amateurs, the PGA Championship was created to provide a high-profile competition, particularly for these professionals. This purpose is still reflected in the championship's entrance structure.
Janina Casey earned her bachelor’s degree in finance from New York’s St. John’s University, and has more than two decades’ experience in the financial sector, specializing in equity sales and research. Since 2014 she has held the position of managing director for equities at financial services firm BTIG in New York City. When she is not attending to her clients’ interests, Janina Casey enjoys the theater, travel, hiking, and golf.
With a population density of more than 27,000 people per square mile, it might seem that there’s no place to play golf in New York City. Several golf courses lie within the city limits, however, including these municipally-operated facilities.
The Marine Park Golf Course, a par-72, 18-hole championship municipal course in south Brooklyn, is the longest of all city courses at more than 7,000 yards. Golfers enjoy sweeping views of Jamaica Bay and Rockaway from the course, which was designed by Robert Trent Jones, Sr. Another public course in Brooklyn, the Dyker Beach Golf Course, opened in 1897. Redesigned by John van Kleek in 1935, the par-72 course measures just under 6,500 yards.
Staten Island hosts two 18-hole courses, Silver Lakes Golf Club on the island’s North Shore, and La Tourette Golf Course, situated near historic Richmond Town. Relatively short at just over 6,000 yards, Silver Lakes boasts impressive views and small greens. La Tourette’s 18 holes measure over 6,700 yards and provide the ambience of playing in this colonial oasis in the heart of the big city.
The Van Cortlandt Park Golf Course, located in the Bronx, is the nation’s oldest public golf course. Well-maintained and regularly updated, the park features an abbreviated par-70, measuring just over 6,000 yards. A short walk away, also in Van Cortlandt Park, lies a hidden gem, the 9-hole Mosholu Golf Course. The Bronx is also home to Pelham Bay and Split Rock, two 18-hole courses located on the shores of Pelham Bay.
Janina Casey, a finance professional in New York, has a unique professional background.